3 NVIDIA Grace-Hopper nodes (GH200 480) are now available. See Using Bede for more information.

NVIDIA Profiling Tools#

Nvidia provide a suite of profiling tools which can be used to profile applications running on the Volta and Turing architecture Nvidia GPUs within Bede.

Nsight Systems and Nsight Compute are the modern profiling tools introduced with CUDA 10.0, and available for use on Bede. The NVIDIA Visual Profiler is the legacy Nvidia profiling tool. It is recommended to use the newer tools where possible.

Note

Remote GUI support for these tools is not available on bede, as they are not available on PPC64LE. Profile data must be generated using the command line interfaces, which can then be explored using a local installation of the appropriate tool, which can be installed locally without requiring a local NVIDIA GPU.

Preparing your Application#

To improve the effectiveness of the Nvidia profiling tools, several steps can be taken.

Applications compiled with nvcc should pass -lineinfo (or --generate-line-info) to embed line-level profile information in the generated binary files (for Nsight Compute).

Applications compiled with the NVIDIA HPC SDK family of compilers should use -gpu=lineinfo to embed line-level information for use in profiling.

The :ref:` NVIDIA Tools Extension` can be used to mark regions of code. This can improve usability of the timeline view, or can be used to allow more specific profiling of applications.

Nsight Systems#

Nsight Systems is a system-wide performance analysis tool designed to visualize an application’s algorithms and identify the largest opportunities to optimize. It supports Pascal (SM 60) and newer GPUs.

A common use-case for Nsight Systems is to generate application timelines via the command line, which can later be visualised on a local computer using the GUI component.

To generate an application timeline with Nsight Systems CLI (nsys):

nsys profile -o timeline ./myapplication <arguments>

Nsight systems can trace mulitple APIs, such as CUDA and OpenACC. The --trace argument to specify which APIs should be traced. See the nsys profiling command switch options for further information.

nsys profile -o timeline --trace cuda,nvtx,osrt,openacc ./myapplication <arguments>

Note

On Power9 systems such as Bede the --trace option osrt can lead to SIGILL errors with some versions of nsys. As this is part of the default set default, consider passing --trace cuda,nvtx instead.

Once this file has been downloaded to your local machine, it can be opened in nsys-ui/nsight-sys via File > Open > timeline.qdrep

Cluster Modules#

nsys is available through the following Bede modules:

  • nsight-systems/2020.3.1

  • nvhpc/20.9

More Information#

Nsight Compute#

Nsight Compute is a kernel profiler for CUDA applications, which can also be used for API debugging. It supports Volta architecture GPUs and newer (SM 70+).

A common use-case for using Nsight Compute on HPC systems is to capture all available profiling metrics for a run of a target application, storing the information to a file on disk. This file can then be interrogated on a local machine using the Nsight Compute GUI.

For example, the following command captures the full set of metrics for an application using using the command line tool ncu.

ncu -o profile --set full ./myapplication <arguments>

Capturing the full set of metrics can lead to very long run times, as each kernel is replayed many times. Rather than capturing the full set of metrics, a subset may be captured using the --set, --section and --metrics flags as described in the Nsight Comptue Profile Command Line Options table.

The scope of the section being profiled can also be reduced using NVTX Filtering; or by targetting specific kernels using --kernel-id, --kernel-regex and/or --launch-skip see the CLI docs for more information).

Once the .ncu-rep file has been downloaded locally, it can be imported into local Nsight CUDA GUI ncu-ui via ncu-ui profile.ncu-rep or File > Open > profile.ncu-rep in the GUI.

Note

Older versions of Nsight Compute (CUDA < v11.0.194) provided nv-nsight-cu-cli nv-nsight-cu rather than ncu and ncu-ui respectively.

The generated report file used the .nsight-cuprof-report extension rather than .ncu-rep.

Cluster Modules#

ncu is available through the following Bede modules:

  • nsight-compute/2020.2.1

  • nvhpc/20.9

More Information#

Nvidia Visual Profiler (legacy)#

The Visual Profiler is NVIDIA’s legacy profiler, which fills some of the roles of bother Nsight Systems and Nsight Compute, but is no longer actively developed. It is still provided to enable profiling of older GPU architectures not supported by the newer tools. All features are supported by the Volta architecture GPUs in Bede, but kernel profiling is not supported for the Turing architecture GPUs. It is recommended to use the newer Nsight Systems and Nsight Compute tools.

Application timelines can be generated using nvprof:

nvprof -o timeline.nvprof ./myapplication <arguments>

Fine-grained kernel profile information can be genereted remotely using nvprof:

nvprof --analysis-metrics -o analysis.nvprof ./myapplication <arguments>

This captures the full set of metrics required to complete the guided analysis, and may take a (very long) while. Large applications request fewer metrics (via --metrics), fewer events (via --events) or target specific kernels (via --kernels). See the nvprof command line options for further information.

Once these files are downloaded to your local machine, Import them into the Visual Profiler GUI (nvvp)

  • File > Import

  • Select Nvprof

  • Select Single process

  • Select timeline.nvvp for Timeline data file

  • Add analysis.nvprof to Event/Metric data files

Cluster Modules#

nvprof is available through the following Bede modules:

  • cuda/10.1.243

  • cuda/10.2.89

  • nvhpc/20.9

Documentation#

NVIDIA Tools Extension#

NVIDIA Tools Extension (NVTX) is a C-based API for annotating events and ranges in applications. These markers and ranges can be used to increase the usability of the NVIDIA profiling tools.

  • For CUDA >= 10.0, NVTX version 3 is distributed as a header only library.

  • For CUDA <  10.0, NVTX is distributed as a shared library.

The location of the headers and shared libraries may vary between Operating Systems, and CUDA installation (i.e. CUDA toolkit, PGI compilers or HPC SDK).

The NVIDIA Developer blog contains several posts on using NVTX:

CMake support#

From CMake 3.17, the FindCUDAToolkit module can be used to find the tools extension and select the appropriate include directory.

If support for older CMake versions is required custom find_package modules can be used, e.g. ptheywood/cuda-cmake-NVTX on GitHub.

Documentation#